John A. Logan was born in Jackson County near what is now Murphysboro, Illinois and he was an Army officer during the Mexican War and a Democratc congressman who later joined the Union Party to support Lincoln and the cause of the Union which was more difficult to do in far southern Illinois where his district was located before the Civil War. He became one of Lincoln's best political generals in that he showed skill in military command. After the Civil War he became a Republican member of the House and in 1868 he was the House manager for the impeachment trial of President Andrew Johnson and eventually he was elected as a U.S. Senator from Illinois from 1879 to 1886 when he was an active member of the Illinois State Association in Washington, DC and lived for a while at what is now called Number 4 Logan Circle, NW. As an early commander of the Grand Army of the Republic veterans organization for former Union soldiers, Logan issued GAR General Order Number 11 that established Memorial Day in late May. In 1884 Logan was the Republican nominee for Vice President on a ticket with James G. Blaine but Blaine lost to Democrat Grover Cleveland.