Former Congressman Frank O. Lowden was elected governor of Illinois in 1916 and took office in January 1917 just before America's entry into World War I. He was married to the daughter of George Pullman. What is now the State Fair Grounds in Springfield was called Camp Lowden during the First World War and was the training camp for Illinois National Guard soldiers going to France. Gov. Lowden was tied at the 1920 Republican National Convention with Gen. Leonard Wood for the presidential nomination. A bad compromise resulted in breaking the deadlock in favor of Sen. Warren Harding of Ohio.