Former Supreme Commander in Europe, Gen. Dwight David Eisenhower or "Ike" was nominated twice by the Republican Party and carried Illinois twice in 1952 and 1956 in competition with former Illinois Gov. Adlai Stevenson, II who was twice the Democratic nominee. Ike ended the Korean War in 1953, started work with Gov. Stratton on the launch of the Illinois leg of the Interstate Highway System, and there was much excitement in Chicago in 1959 when a young Queen Elizabeth II came to meet Gov. Stratton and Mayor Daley and millions of Chicagoans when she opened the St. Lawrence Seaway. As a young Army officer in 1919, Ike worked on the National Highway and he sold his vision for the Interstate Highway System saying that it would help move military vehicles to aid national defense. The civilian application was that it did lead to the movement of more freight over highways that had previously moved by rail. Emmet John Huges who was a speech writer or Ike, had Ike refer to the early manned space capsules as the "Tin Lizzies of the Space Age" and Ike gave a recorded greeting broadcast from one of the early sattelites in orbit around the Earth. NASA was founded in 1958 during Ike's second term.