Richard Buell Ogilvie (1923 – 1988) was the 35th governor of Illinois and served one term from 1969 to 1973. A graduate of Yale University and wounded tank commander and combat veteran of World War II, he became known as the tough mafia-fighting sheriff of Cook County, from 1962 to 1966 when he was elected President of the Cook County Board. In 1968 he won the GOP nomination and was elected governor by defeating Democratic incumbent Sam Shapiro who replaced Gov. Otto Kerner, Jr. when the former was named as a federal judge. Ogilvie may have guaranteed his own defeat in 1972 at the hands of Dan Walker when he signed the first state income tax in the history of Illinois during his first year in office in 1969. The nex tax was very unpopular with voters and Ogilvie might have calculated that his push for the tax would be forgotten by 1972 but it was not. A the same time, GOP President Richard Nixon was imposing the first peace time wage and price controls that caused GOP losses in the off-year elections of 1970.